All Character References as Read by JAWS and Window-Eyes

Guide to the Results

ISO 8859-1 Characters

Latin 1
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
no-break space = non-breaking space   NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKEN
inverted exclamation mark¡¡¡inverted exclaimNOT SPOKENupside down exclamation point
cent sign¢¢¢centsNOT SPOKENcents
pound sign£££poundsNOT SPOKENpound
currency sign¤¤¤symbolNOT SPOKENjot
yen sign = yuan sign¥¥¥yenNOT SPOKENyen
broken bar = broken vertical bar¦¦¦broken barNOT SPOKENvertical bar
section sign§§§sectionNOT SPOKENsection
diaeresis = spacing diaeresis¨¨¨dyaeresisNOT SPOKENumlaut
copyright sign©©©copyrightNOT SPOKENcopyright
feminine ordinal indicatorªªªsuperscript ayNOT SPOKENuh bar
left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet«««left double angle bracketNOT SPOKENdouble left bracket
not sign¬¬¬optional hyphenNOT SPOKENnot
soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen­­­NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENdash
registered sign = registered trade mark sign®®®registeredNOT SPOKENregistered
macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar¯¯¯macronNOT SPOKENoverbur
degree sign°°°degreesNOT SPOKENdegrees
plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign±±±plus or minusNOT SPOKENplus or minus
superscript two = superscript digit two = squared²²²superscript twoNOT SPOKENsquared
superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed³³³superscript threeNOT SPOKENcubed
acute accent = spacing acute´´´NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENacute accent
micro signµµµmuNOT SPOKENmu
pilcrow sign = paragraph sign¶¶paragraphNOT SPOKENparagraph
middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot···dotNOT SPOKENbullet
cedilla = spacing cedilla¸¸¸cedillaNOT SPOKENcedilla
superscript one = superscript digit one¹¹¹superscript oneNOT SPOKENfirst power
masculine ordinal indicatorºººdegreesNOT SPOKENo bar
right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet»»»right double angle bracketNOT SPOKENdouble right bracket
vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter¼¼¼one fourthNOT SPOKENone quarter
vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half½½½one halfNOT SPOKENone half
vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters¾¾¾three fourthsNOT SPOKENthree quarters
inverted question mark = turned question mark¿¿¿inverted questionNOT SPOKENupside down question mark
latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A graveÀÀÀAy gràveNOT SPOKENcapital Uh accent grave
latin capital letter A with acuteÁÁÁAy acuteNOT SPOKENcapital Uh acute accent
latin capital letter A with circumflexÂÂÂAy circumflexNOT SPOKENcapital Uh circumflex
latin capital letter A with tildeÃÃÃAy tildaNOT SPOKENcapital Uh tilda
latin capital letter A with diaeresisÄÄÄAy umlautNOT SPOKENcapital Uh umlaut
latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ringÅÅÅAyNOT SPOKENcapital Uh circle
latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AEÆÆÆAy ENOT SPOKENcapital I E
latin capital letter C with cedillaÇÇÇC cedillaNOT SPOKENcapital C cedilla
latin capital letter E with graveÈÈÈE gràveNOT SPOKENcapital E accent grave
latin capital letter E with acuteÉÉÉE acuteNOT SPOKENcapital E acute accent
latin capital letter E with circumflexÊÊÊE circumflexNOT SPOKENcapital E circumflex
latin capital letter E with diaeresisËËËE umlautNOT SPOKENcapital E umlaut
latin capital letter I with graveÌÌÌI gràveNOT SPOKENcapital I accent grave
latin capital letter I with acuteÍÍÍI acuteNOT SPOKENcapital I acute accent
latin capital letter I with circumflexÎÎÎGreek capital piNOT SPOKENcapital I circumflex
latin capital letter I with diaeresisÏÏÏI umlautNOT SPOKENcapital I umlaut
latin capital letter ETHÐÐÐEthNOT SPOKENcapital D bar
latin capital letter N with tildeÑÑÑAnyNOT SPOKENcapital N tilda
latin capital letter O with graveÒÒÒO gràveNOT SPOKENcapital O accent grave
latin capital letter O with acuteÓÓÓO acuteNOT SPOKENcapital O acute accent
latin capital letter O with circumflexÔÔÔO circumflexNOT SPOKENcapital O circumflex
latin capital letter O with tildeÕÕÕO tildaNOT SPOKENcapital O tilda
latin capital letter O with diaeresisÖÖÖO umlautNOT SPOKENcapital O umlaut
multiplication sign×××timesNOT SPOKENtimes
latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slashØØØONOT SPOKENcapital O slash
latin capital letter U with graveÙÙÙU gràveNOT SPOKENcapital U accent grave
latin capital letter U with acuteÚÚÚU acuteNOT SPOKENcapital U acute accent
latin capital letter U with circumflexÛÛÛU circumflexNOT SPOKENcapital U circumflex
latin capital letter U with diaeresisÜÜÜU umlautNOT SPOKENcapital U umlaut
latin capital letter Y with acuteÝÝÝy acuteNOT SPOKENcapital Y acute accent
latin capital letter THORNÞÞÞThornNOT SPOKENcapital Thorn
latin small letter sharp s = ess-zedßßßess zedNOT SPOKENess zed
latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a graveàààay gràveNOT SPOKENuh accent grave
latin small letter a with acuteáááay acuteNOT SPOKENuh acute accent
latin small letter a with circumflexâââay circumflexNOT SPOKENuh circumflex
latin small letter a with tildeãããay tildaNOT SPOKENuh tilda
latin small letter a with diaeresisäääay umlautNOT SPOKENuh umlaut
latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ringåååayNOT SPOKENuh dot
latin small letter ae = latin small ligature aeæææay eNOT SPOKENlower case i e
latin small letter c with cedillaçççc cedillaNOT SPOKENc cedilla
latin small letter e with graveèèèe gràveNOT SPOKENe accent grave
latin small letter e with acuteééée acuteNOT SPOKENe acute accent
latin small letter e with circumflexêêêe circumflexNOT SPOKENe circumflex
latin small letter e with diaeresisëëëe umlautNOT SPOKENe umlaut
latin small letter i with graveìììi gràveNOT SPOKENi accent grave
latin small letter i with acuteíííi acuteNOT SPOKENi acute accent
latin small letter i with circumflexîîîi circumflexNOT SPOKENi circumflex
latin small letter i with diaeresisïïïi umlautNOT SPOKENi umlaut
latin small letter ethðððethNOT SPOKENlower case d bar
latin small letter n with tildeñññanyNOT SPOKENn tilda
latin small letter o with graveòòòo gràveNOT SPOKENo accent grave
latin small letter o with acuteóóóo acuteNOT SPOKENo acute accent
latin small letter o with circumflexôôôo circumflexNOT SPOKENo circumflex
latin small letter o with tildeõõõo tildaNOT SPOKENo tilda
latin small letter o with diaeresisöööo umlautNOT SPOKENo umlaut
division sign÷÷÷divided byNOT SPOKENdivides
latin small letter o with stroke = latin small letter o slashøøøoNOT SPOKENlower case o slash
latin small letter u with graveùùùu gràveNOT SPOKENu accent grave
latin small letter u with acuteúúúu acuteNOT SPOKENu acute accent
latin small letter u with circumflexûûûu circumflexNOT SPOKENu circumflex
latin small letter u with diaeresisüüüu umlautNOT SPOKENu umlaut
latin small letter y with acuteýýýy acuteNOT SPOKENy acute accent
latin small letter thornþþþthornNOT SPOKENlower case thron
latin small letter y with diaeresisÿÿÿNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENy umlaut

Symbols, Mathematical Symbols, and Greek Letters

Latin Extended-B
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
latin small f with hook = function = florinƒƒƒflorinNOT SPOKENscript f
Greek
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
greek capital letter alphaΑΑΑNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter betaΒΒΒNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter gammaΓΓΓGGG
greek capital letter deltaΔΔΔNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter epsilonΕΕΕNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter zetaΖΖΖNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter etaΗΗΗNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter thetaΘΘΘTTT
greek capital letter iotaΙΙΙNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter kappaΚΚΚNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter lambdaΛΛΛNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter muΜΜΜNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter nuΝΝΝNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter xiΞΞΞNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter omicronΟΟΟNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter piΠΠΠNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter rhoΡΡΡNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter sigmaΣΣΣSSS
greek capital letter tauΤΤΤNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter upsilonΥΥΥNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter phiΦΦΦFFF
greek capital letter chiΧΧΧNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter psiΨΨΨNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek capital letter omegaΩΩΩOOO
greek small letter alphaαααayaiai
greek small letter betaβββess zedNOT SPOKENess zed
greek small letter gammaγγγNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter deltaδδδddd
greek small letter epsilonεεεeee
greek small letter zetaζζζNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter etaηηηNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter thetaθθθNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter iotaιιιNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter kappaκκκNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter lambdaλλλNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter muμμμmuNOT SPOKENmu
greek small letter nuνννNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter xiξξξNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter omicronοοοNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter piπππppp
greek small letter rhoρρρNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter final sigmaςςςNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter sigmaσσσsss
greek small letter tauτττttt
greek small letter upsilonυυυNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter phiφφφfff
greek small letter chiχχχNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter psiψψψNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter omegaωωωNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek small letter theta symbolϑϑϑNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek upsilon with hook symbolϒϒϒNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
greek pi symbolϖϖϖNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
General Punctuation
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
bullet = black small circle••bulletNOT SPOKENbullet
horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader……ellipsisNOT SPOKENellipsis
prime = minutes = feet′′NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENapostrophe
double prime = seconds = inches″″NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
overline = spacing overscore‾‾NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
fraction slash⁄⁄slashNOT SPOKENslash
Letterlike Symbols
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p℘℘PPP
blackletter capital I = imaginary partℑℑIII
blackletter capital R = real part symbolℜℜRRR
trade mark sign™™trademarkNOT SPOKENtrademark
alef symbol = first transfinite cardinalℵℵNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
Arrows
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
leftwards arrow←←NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
upwards arrow↑↑NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
rightwards arrow→→NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
downwards arrow↓↓NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
left right arrow↔↔NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return↵↵NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
leftwards double arrow⇐⇐NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
upwards double arrow⇑⇑NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
rightwards double arrow⇒⇒NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
downwards double arrow⇓⇓NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
left right double arrow⇔⇔NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
Mathematical Operators
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
for all∀∀NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
partial differential∂∂NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
there exists∃∃NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
empty set = null set = diameter∅∅oNOT SPOKENcapital O slash
nabla = backward difference∇∇NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
element of∈∈NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
not an element of∉∉NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
contains as member∋∋NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
n-ary product = product sign∏∏NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
n-ary summation∑∑NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
minus sign−−NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENdash
asterisk operator∗∗asteriskNOT SPOKENstar
square root = radical sign√√vvv
proportional to∝∝NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
infinity∞∞eighteighteight
angle∠∠NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
logical and = wedge∧∧NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
logical or = vee∨∨NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
intersection = cap∩∩nnn
union = cup∪∪NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
integral∫∫NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
therefore∴∴NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
tilde operator = varies with = similar to∼∼tildaNOT SPOKENtilda
approximately equal to≅≅NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
almost equal to = asymptotic to≈≈tildaNOT SPOKENtilda
not equal to≠≠NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
identical to≡≡equalsNOT SPOKENequals
less-than or equal to≤≤equalsNOT SPOKENequals
greater-than or equal to≥≥equalsNOT SPOKENequals
subset of⊂⊂NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
superset of⊃⊃NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
not a subset of⊄⊄NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
subset of or equal to⊆⊆NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
superset of or equal to⊇⊇NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
circled plus = direct sum⊕⊕NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
circled times = vector product⊗⊗NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular⊥⊥NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
dot operator⋅⋅dotNOT SPOKENbullet
Miscellaneous Technical
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
left ceiling = apl upstile⌈⌈NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
right ceiling⌉⌉NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
left floor = apl downstile⌊⌊NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
right floor⌋⌋NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
left-pointing angle bracket = bra⟨〈less thanNOT SPOKENless than
right-pointing angle bracket = ket⟩〉greater thanNOT SPOKENgreater than
Geometric Shapes
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
lozenge◊◊NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
Miscellaneous Symbols
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
black spade suit♠♠NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
black club suit = shamrock♣♣NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
black heart suit = valentine♥♥NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
black diamond suit♦♦black diamond suitNOT SPOKENquestion

Markup-significant and Internationalization Characters

CO Controls and Basic Latin
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
quotation mark = APL quote"""quoteNOT SPOKENquote
ampersand&&&andNOT SPOKENand
less-than sign<&lt;&#60;lessNOT SPOKENless than
greater-than sign>&gt;&#62;greaterNOT SPOKENgreater than
Latin Extended-A
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
latin capital ligature OEŒ&OElig;&#338;O ENOT SPOKENcapital O E
latin small ligature oeœ&oelig;&#339;o eNOT SPOKENlower case o e
latin capital letter S with caronŠ&Scaron;&#352;SNOT SPOKENcapital funny S
latin small letter s with caronš&scaron;&#353;sNOT SPOKENlower case funny s
latin capital letter Y with diaeresisŸ&Yuml;&#376;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENcapital Y umlaut
Spacing Modifier Letters
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
modifier letter circumflex accentˆ&circ;&#710;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENcircumflex
small tilde˜&tilde;&#732;tildaNOT SPOKENtilda
General Punctuation
DescriptionThe CharacterCharacter Entity ReferenceNumeric Character ReferenceJAWS OutputWindow-Eyes Output Reading NormallyWindow-Eyes Output Reading Letter by Letter
en space&ensp;&#8194;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKEN
em space&emsp;&#8195;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENNOT SPOKEN
thin space&thinsp;&#8201;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
zero width non-joiner&zwnj;&#8204;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
zero width joiner&zwj;&#8205;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
left-to-right mark&lrm;&#8206;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
right-to-left mark&rlm;&#8207;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENquestion
en dash&ndash;&#8211;en dashNOT SPOKENen dash
em dash&mdash;&#8212;em dashNOT SPOKENem dash
left single quotation mark&lsquo;&#8216;apostropheNOT SPOKENsingle open quote
right single quotation mark&rsquo;&#8217;apostropheNOT SPOKENapostrophe
single low-9 quotation mark&sbquo;&#8218;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENsingle open quote
left double quotation mark&ldquo;&#8220;quoteNOT SPOKENdouble open quote
right double quotation mark&rdquo;&#8221;quoteNOT SPOKENdouble close quote
double low-9 quotation mark&bdquo;&#8222;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENdouble open quote
dagger&dagger;&#8224;single daggerNOT SPOKENdagger
double dagger&Dagger;&#8225;double daggerNOT SPOKENdouble dagger
per mille sign&permil;&#8240;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENper thousand
single left-pointing angle quotation mark&lsaquo;&#8249;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENleft single bracket
single right-pointing angle quotation mark&rsaquo;&#8250;NOT SPOKENNOT SPOKENsingle right bracket
euro sign&euro;&#8364;eurosNOT SPOKENeuro